Used for HIV

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Manufactured by Gilead Sciences

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Jamie Winn NowPatientGreen tick
Updated on 26 Apr 2024

Learn more about TRUVADA

What is TRUVADA?

What is TRUVADA?

TRUVADA is the brand name for emtricitabine/tenofovir and is available as an oral tablet.

What dosages is TRUVADA available in?

What dosages is TRUVADA available in?

TRUVADA is available as an oral tablet contaning 200 mg/300 mg, 167 mg/250 mg, 133 mg/200 mg, and 100 mg/150 mg of emtricitabine and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate, respectively.

What is TRUVADA used for?

What is TRUVADA used for?

TRUVADA is a combination of 2 antivirals that are used for the following:

  • Treatment of HIV infection
  • Prevention of HIV infection (PrEP or pre-exposure prophylaxis)
How does TRUVADA work?

How does TRUVADA work?

TRUVADA is a combination of two HIV antiretroviral medications: emtricitabine and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate. Both medications are nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs). They insert themselves into the genetic material of the virus. As a result, TRUVADA prevents HIV from making copies of itself and spreading.

How do I take TRUVADA?

How do I take TRUVADA?

TRUVADA is dosed as follows:

  • Treatment of HIV – Adults and children who weigh at least 77 pounds: The typical dose is 1 tablet by mouth once daily. Each tablet contains 200 mg of emtricitabine and 300 mg of tenofovir disoproxil fumarate
  • Children who weigh 61 to 76 pounds: The typical dose is 167 mg/250 mg (emtricitabine/tenofovir disoproxil fumarate) by mouth once daily.
  • Children who weigh 48 to 60 pounds: The typical dose is 133 mg/200 mg (emtricitabine/tenofovir disoproxil fumarate) by mouth once daily
  • Children who weigh 37 to 47 pounds: The typical dose is 100 mg/150 mg (emtricitabine/tenofovir disoproxil fumarate) by mouth once daily
  • Prevention of HIV (PrEP) – Adults and children who weigh at least 77 pounds: The typical dose is 1 tablet by mouth once daily. Each tablet contains 200 mg of emtricitabine and 300 mg of tenofovir disoproxil fumarate.

Your dose might differ if you have kidney problems.

Is it safe for me to take TRUVADA?

Is it safe for me to take TRUVADA?

TRUVADA is a safe and effective treatment when used for FDA licensed indications. However, like all medications, they may give you unwanted side effects. You should always discuss potential side effects with your physician to ensure the medication is suitable and right for you. If you have any of the following conditions or if any of the following apply to you, let your healthcare provider know because TRUVADA will not be safe for you to take. For HIV PrEP: People who have HIV (tested positive for HIV) or aren’t sure what their HIV status is

TRUVADA Common Side Effects

TRUVADA Common Side Effects

Common side effects of TRUVADA:

  • Higher cholesterol levels
  • Higher creatine kinase levels
  • Feeling tired
  • Depression
  • Nausea
  • Diarrhea
  • Dizziness
  • Upper respiratory infections
  • Sinus infection
  • Rash
  • Headache
  • Belly pain
  • Lower weight
TRUVADA Serious Side Effects

TRUVADA Serious Side Effects

Serious side effects are rare with TRUVADA. Contact your healthcare provider immediately if you experience any of the following.

  • Buildup of lactic acid in the blood (lactic acidosis): feeling more tired and weak, belly pain, muscle pain, breathing problems
  • Kidney problems: tiredness; confusion; nausea; urinating less than usual; swelling in your legs, ankles, or feet; joint or bone pain
  • Liver problems: nausea, vomiting, not feeling hungry, pain in the right side of the stomach, yellowing of the whites of the eyes or skin, dark-colored urine, light-colored stool
  • Bone fracture
Effects of other drugs, drug classes and over-the-counter products on TRUVADA

Effects of other drugs, drug classes and over-the-counter products on TRUVADA

The following medications may interact with TRUVADA:

  • TRUVADA increases didanosine concentrations
  • Dose reduction and close monitoring for didanosine toxicity are warranted
  • Coadministration decreases atazanavir concentrations. When
  • coadministered with TRUVADA, use atazanavir given with ritonavir
  • Coadministration of TRUVADA with certain HIV-1 protease inhibitors or certain drugs to treat HCV increases tenofovir concentrations
  • Monitor for evidence of tenofovir toxicity
  • Consult Full Prescribing Information prior to and during treatment for important drug interactions
Who makes TRUVADA?

Who makes TRUVADA?

Gilead Sciences

Is TRUVADA safe in pregnancy?

Is TRUVADA safe in pregnancy?

Data on the use of TRUVADA during pregnancy from observational studies have shown no increased risk of major birth defects. However, you should talk to your doctor before taking TRUVADA if you are pregnant. There is a pregnancy exposure registry that monitors pregnancy outcomes in women exposed to TRUVADA during pregnancy. Healthcare providers are encouraged to register patients by calling the Antiretroviral Pregnancy Registry (APR) at 1-800-258-4263


What to do if you missed your TRUVADA dose

The FDA's medical product safety reporting program for health professionals, patients and consumers.

Learn more about reporting side effects
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NowPatient has taken all reasonable steps to ensure that all material is factually accurate, complete, and current. However, the knowledge and experience of a qualified healthcare professional should always be sought after instead of using the information on this page. Before taking any drug, you should always speak to your doctor or another qualified healthcare provider.

The information provided here about medications is subject to change and is not meant to include all uses, precautions, warnings, directions, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or negative effects. The absence of warnings or other information for a particular medication does not imply that the medication or medication combination is appropriate for all patients or for all possible purposes.

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